Types of Seam Used in Garments Manufacturing
Merchandiser at Fashion Xpress Buying House.
Badda, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
A seam is the combination of stitch which makes line to join two ply of fabric. Seam is used not only for functional purposes but also for decorative purposes. Types of Seam is totally depends on buyer requirements.
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Types of Seam Used in Apparel Manufacturing:
There are eight types of seam used in apparel manufacturing. Those are mentioned in the following:
- Class-01: Superimposed seam,
- Class-02: Lapped seam,
- Class-03: Bound seam,
- Classs-04: Flat seam,
- Class-05: Ornamental seam,
- Class-06: Edge neatening seam,
- Class-07: Applied seam
- Class-08: Others seam
All the above types of seam are discussed in the below:
1. Class-01: Superimposed seam:
Superimposed seam is the most common method of seaming in garments manufacturing. This seam is formed by superimposing the edge of one piece of material on another. Superimposed seam has various types which are- plain seam, French seams and Double machine seam. Superimposed seam is placed on the top side of the garments. This types of seam is used in collar, cuff sewing, cuff top-stitching, collar band attach sewing and top stitching, side seam and sleeve attach with safety-sticker.
2. Class-02: Lapped seam:
Lapped seam is formed by lapping two pieces of fabrics. This type of seam is not common in clothing because it creates problems with raw edges where one ply of fabric fold under itself for a finished edge. Lapped seam is used in main seaming of denim jackets, side seam and inseam of jeans, side seams of shirts, joining lace to another fabric, attaching patch pockets, and in various decorative finishing.
3. Class-03: Bound seam:
Bound seam is consists of edges of fabrics which are bound by a stripe of fabric. This type of seam is made to finish and edge of a garment. Bound seam is used in sewing necklines, sleeves hems, inside waist bands of trousers and pants, finishing seams on unlined jackets and coats.
4. Classs-04: Flat seam:
Flat seams are referred to as flat seams because the fabric edges do not overlap. This type of seam is constructed by having two pieces of fabric meet precisely at their edges. A cover stitch is used here to sew the two pieces of fabric together. This type of stitch has multiple needles and creates a stitch perpendicular to the seam line, which creates a flat seam. Plain seam is a flat seam. Flat seam is used in close fitting garments where the seam allowance may put pressure on the body, high-stretch fabrics athletic apparel, shape wear, undergarments, lingerie, swimwear, thermal underwear, sweatshirts with side panels or with raglan sleeves, eliminating bulk at seams, seaming pelts.
5. Class-05: Ornamental seam:
Ornamental seam is made using machines with zigzag capability, which is used on a plain seam on woven or knit fabric. The main using purpose of this seam is for decorative sewing where single or multiple rows of stitches are sewn through one or more layer of fabric. These several layers can be folds of the same fabric.
6. Class-06: Edge neatening seam:
Stitching work made on the fabric edges for neatening. This type of seam is produced with one piece of component. Edge neatening seam has one limited edge on one end. This type of seam constructed with one or two plies of fabric used to finish the edge of a garment or item. Edge neatening seam has three finishing types. Firstly- ensures a folded edge to the shell fabric by stitching either on the face or back. Secondly- stitching is used at the edge or to cover the raw edges, and may or may not be folded. Thirdly- applies a binding on a single ply of a seam allowance to finish raw edges.
7. Class-07: Applied seam
This type of seam is related to the addition of separate items to the edge of a garment part. The seam is produced with minimum of two pieces of component, where one component is limited on one end, and the other narrow one is limited on both ends.
8. Class-08: Others seam
Here, only one piece of component involved in construction the seam, here stitches are applied on its edges. This type of seam is produced with minimum of one piece of component with a limited edge on two ends. This class is commonly used for waist belts and belt loops.
Speech from the writer:
If you read this article with full attention, then you can easily answer the following questions in the interview:
- What is seam?
- Mention the definition of seam.
- Describe about the seam used in garments.
- Describe about the classification of seam.