List of Fabric Wastage Outside the Marker
Merchandiser at Fashion Xpress Buying House.
Badda, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
In readymade garments sector, fabric wastage is related to the marker efficiency. If marker efficiency is creased then fabric wastage will be decreased. Marker efficiency is inversely proportional to fabric wastage. But there are some fabric wastage produced outside the marker efficiency which are mentioned in this article.
Different Types of Fabric Wastage Outside the Marker:
There are different types of fabric wastage outside the marker which are mentioned in the following:
- Ends of ply losses,
- Selvedge loss,
- Loss of fabric in roll,
- Purchase loss.
All the above fabric wastages have explained in the below:
1. Ends of ply losses:
During fabric spreading some allowances are needed in the end of each pieces of fabric due to the limitation of utilized machines. Normally 2 inches in each end and on each ply inches wastages are happened, which varies with the durability of the fabric. This type of wastage can be reduced by observing and controlling carefully the necessary allowance of the marker according to the types of fabric.
2. Selvedge loss:
We know that, each fabric has two selvedges. In most cases we do not place the pattern components over the selvedges. In this way, approximately 3% of fabrics are wasted along the width. In case of expensive and extensible fabric, we can save some fabric by wasting 2% along the width.
3. Loss of fabric in roll:
In readymade garments industries, fabrics usually come in roll form. As a result there is the limitation of fabric length in each roll. Fabric spreading is done according to the marker length in the cutting section of garments manufacturing industries. Most of the cases it’s seen that fabrics are not exact to the multiple lays. As a result some wastage of fabric has found at every roll. For this types of problem we have to do splicing in the fabric, where as splicing and the remaining fabrics at the end of roll increases the fabric wastages. We can easily reduce this problem by collecting bigger fabric rolls.
4. Purchase loss:
It is one of the most important points of fabric wastage outside the marker. Normally fabric length is identified by fabric manufacturer and suppliers. Sometimes its seen that, less fabric is wound in the fabric roll than exact amount of fabric that already have paid. To solve such kinds of problem fabric length should be measured before purchasing the fabric and sourced only from the reputed manufacturer.