# Knit Fabric Consumption Formula for a Basic T-Shirt

By | July 6, 2015

### Knit Fabric Consumption Formula for a Basic T-Shirt

Mayedul Islam
Merchandiser at Fashion Xpress Buying House.
Badda, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Email: mayedul.islam66@gmail.com

#### Fabric Consumption:

Fabric consumption is an important factor in garments merchandising. Profit of an order mostly depends on it. As a result, fabric consumption should be done accurately after receiving the order.

As its vast importance on garments merchandising, today I will discuss about the knit fabric consumption formula for T-Shirt.

You may follow How to Calculate Apparel Costing for T-Shirt?

#### Method of Knit Fabric Consumption:

Knit fabric consumption should be done by using the following formula-

Fabric consumption per dozen, (All measurements in cm),Note:

1. Types of fabric and fabric GSM will be confirmed by the buyer.
2. For body length and sleeve length, approximate sewing allowance (12cm) should be needed at body hem, shoulder joint, sleeve hem and armhole joint.
3. For chest width, approximate sewing allowance (6cm) should be needed at both side seams.
4. And approximate fabric wastage in various stages is 10%.

Now, I will provide an example for knit fabric consumption in the following. After that, all the confusion about the above discussion will be cleared I think.

#### Example:

Suppose, one of the buyer has provided you the following measurement chart of a basic T-Shirt by mentioning the order quantity and fabric GSM. (Where Fabric is 100% cotton single jersey and fabric GSM is 160 and order quantity is 10000pcs). Then calculate the fabric consumption for this order.Solution:

Here, we will follow the measurement chart for XL size.

• Fabric GSM- 160,
• Total order quantity- 10000
• Body length or shirt length- 79cm
• Sleeve length- 43cm
• ½ Chest width- 61cm

Now, all the measurements are applied on the following formula-

Fabric consumption per dozen, (All measurement in cm),
= 3.45 + 10% (in kg)
= 3.795 kg per dozen.

So, fabric needed for 10000pcs (833.33 dozen) garments is 3162.5kg.

Speech from the writer:
All the articles of mine are long, because I want to explain all the terms with clear concept. As u all easily understand what I want to say. I believe that, it will be so much helpful for you.

## 41 thoughts on “Knit Fabric Consumption Formula for a Basic T-Shirt”

1. Mian Basit Rasheed

I can tell u more accurate and shorter formula

1. Mayedul

Plz share your valuable experience here……….@Mian

2. bikram

in this formula loss may occurs due to without knowing fabric width ,we cant simply goes asper above expalnati
on theory.

3. Imran

Thanks for sharing the formula.
To be more clear do you like to explain why you are divided by 10000000 and from where is comes/ make?
Waiting to hear from you.

4. md.helal uddin

Dear sir/madam
Thanks of lot garments merchandising process of the calculation
Thanks

1. Mayedul Islam

Put your email id at (Get email upadates) then you will receive all the updates of us.

5. Faruk Ahmed

Nice & understand how to calculate knit fabric cons, thanks.

6. Tuhin Khan

very nice formula… Thanks Dear..

Tuhin Khan

7. Manjurul

I have need Neck tap consumption or Back tap consumption for Basic Tee Shirt.

8. Sajjad

why u take sleeve length from collar to cuff? why not from arm hole to cuff?

1. K. M. Ali Azam

Sajjad vai,
I have the same question why has he taken slv length from HPS to Slv opening. I think it’s wrong. It should be from shoulder tip to slv opening point.

9. Md.Alamgir Kabir

Good job. Thanks you sir……………………………………………….

10. Asif

Dear Mayedul,

We read your post and take benefit a lot, thanks for that.
Could you pls help me about “over-coat” consumption in any Mens/Ladies size ?

1. Asif

Dear Mayedul,

We read your post and take benefit a lot, thanks for that.
Could you pls help me about “over-coat” consumption in any Mens/Ladies size ?

11. Azad

Dear Sir
Your tips are very helpful. So final result KG its complete finish fabric or required Yearn weight ? Could you pls be kind and make clear about this ?

1. K. M. Ali Azam

Finish fabric Bro. If you want to know how much yarn need for this T-Shirt. Then, you can add 12% with fabric consumption. Mind it, 12% is not fixed for all fabrication. It depends on many thing like- quantity, color, fabrication.

12. Mahabobur Rahaman

Dear Sir, U give 10% wastage. I want to know this in details Like
Knitting + Dyeing Wastage………………..%
Cutting Wastage…………………………………%
Sewing + Print+ Others Wastage…………………………….%
Because. With following Measurement my Pattern consumption is 2.1 kg per DZN, But I found Marker Consumption 2.200 kg per Dzn.

1. K. M. Ali Azam

Bro it’s just marketing consumption. This wastage not possible to apply in production. As per my factory experience, Knitting & dyeing wastage normally use 12% and cutting, sewing, printing, finishing wastage is 5%. So, total wastage must be 17% for production. I think it is just help for new learner.
thank you.

1. K. M. Ali Azam

I’m confused about slv length. Could you please clear the slv length, where from you took the measurement. As far I know from shoulder to slv opening point is the slv length. Please clarify this.

13. Fahad Nadeem

how will we compute if Rib is required at neck collar ( both circular and flat knit Rib )

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