**Garments Costing Method for Knitted T-Shirt (Buying Costing)**

**Mayedul Islam**

Merchandiser at Fashion Xpress Buying House.

Badda, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Email: [email protected]

**Introduction:**

In garments sector, a business is totally stands on the profit of **garments costing**. There are so many in knit** garments merchandising** who still don’t know the proper garments costing method for a T-Shirt. As its importance on garments profit, today I will discuss about the easiest costing method for a knitted T-Shirt.

**Method of Garments Costing for knitted T-Shirt:**

At first, a **knit garment merchandiser** should confirm the following matters before going to the knitted T-shirt costing:

1. Yarn Price ,

2. Knitting and Washing Cost,

3. Dyeing Cost,

4. Printing cost,

5. **Cost of Making** (CM),

6. Accessories Cost,

7. Commercial Cost,

8. Others Cost.

**The second duty is to calculate fabric consumption and costing.**

- Generally, we calculate the grey fabric consumption.
- After completing grey fabric consumption and costing, all the required fabric processing cost (knitting+ washing cost, dyeing cost) should be added with grey fabric cost. After that, we can achieve the actual fabric cost.
- Then finally all the others necessary cost should be added with actual fabric cost to achieve total cost of a garment.

An example for knitted T-Shirt costing is given in the following for removing all confusion about the above discussion.

**Example:**

**Suppose,**

The buyer “VF Asia Ltd. ” provided you the following measurement chart of a knitted printed T-Shirt order by mentioning the order quantity and **fabric GSM**.

- Fabric is 100% cotton single jersey, and fabric GSM is 140
- Order quantity is 15000pc.

**Then calculate the garments costing (on FOB) per pcs for the order.**

Actual | Allowance | Measurement with Allowance | |

Body Length | 85cm | 6cm | 91cm |

Sleeve Length | 50cm | 6cm | 56cm |

1/2 Chest Width | 70cm | 6cm | 76cm |

**Solution:**

* Given that,*Fabric GSM- 140,

Body length with allowance- 91cm

Sleeve length with allowance – 56cm

½ Chest widths with allowance – 76cm

**Let,**

Yarn Price per kg- $4.00

Knitting and Washing Cost per kg- $1.20

Dyeing Cost per kg- $2.00

Printing Cost per dozen- $5.00

Accessories Cost per dozen- 2.00

Now, we have to calculate the **fabric consumption** for the above order.

**Fabric Consumption:**

All the measurements are applied in the following formula-

**Fabric consumption per dozen, (All measurement in cm),**

= 3.754 + 10% (in kg)

= 4.13kg per dozen.

So, grey fabrics needed per dozen garments are 4.13kg.

As yarn price per kg is $4.00 then, grey fabric cost per dozen is (4.13kg × $4.00) = $16.52

After, adding all the fabric processing cost (Knitting+ Washing Cost, Dyeing Cost) with grey fabrics cost, actual fabric cost will be determined.

So,

**Actual fabric cost** = Total Grey fabric cost + {{(knitting cost + washing cost) + dyeing cost} × 4.13kg] per dozen

= $16.52 + {($1.20 + $2.00) ×4.13} per dozen

= $29.74 per dozen.

So, actual fabric cost per dozen is………. $29.74 ………………………… (A)

Printing Cost per dozen……………………… $5.00 ………………………. (B)

Accessories Cost per dozen……………….…$ 2.00 ……………………… (C)

Cost of making (CM)……………………………. $5.00 ……………………… (D)

Commercial cost …………………………………. $0.50 ……………………. (E)

Others cost …………………………………………. $0.30 …………………… (F)

Now, by adding A, B, C, D, E and F, we will get the total FOB cost of the garments per dozen.

**Total FOB cost per dozen** = (A +B + C + D+ E + F)

= $ (29.74 + 5.00 + 2.00 + 5.00 + 0.50 + 0.30)

= $42.54 per dozen.

**So, total FOB cost per dozen stands at-$42.54**

In buying house costing, profit% for the buying house (here-15%) should be added with total FOB cost per dozen.

So,

Total FOB cost per dozen with profit% stands at ($42.54 + 15%) = $48.92

Now, total FOB cost per pcs is ($48.92 / 12) = $4.08

**So, in the view of buying house costing (FOB) per pcs garment is $4.08**

Bhi what about the rib or collar consumption, if there is 1*1 rib then what will be the procedure & also mention the polo consumption technique…………………

Thanks

Sharif

Above mentioned costing is most helpful for me.Thanks so much.

U r most wc.