Comparison Between Different Types of Stitch

By | January 17, 2016

Comparison Between Different Types of Stitch

Mayedul Islam
Merchandiser at Fashion Xpress Buying House.
Badda, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Email: [email protected]

 

Introduction:

Stitch is one of the important factors in sewing department of readymade garments sector. There are different types of stitches used in apparel manufacturing, where each stitch types contain different characteristics. This article has shown various comparisons among those stitch which are vastly used during sewing the garments.

Stitch Types

Stitch Types

Comparison Between Different t Types of Stitches:

Stitch Type
Stitch No.
Stitch Formation
Properties
Application
Single thread chain
stitch
101
One needle threads interloping with itself.
Elastic and easy to unravel.
Button sewing, label sewing, basting, bag closing,
tacking.
103
Using a curve needle to penetrate through the fabric surface stitches which does not show on the fabric.
Invisible on the garments surface.
Hemming of pants and shirts.
Hand stitch
200
Done by hand with one needle.
Flexible using
Basting on tailored jackets
Lock stitch
301
Interlacing of needle thread and bobbin thread.
Reversible, strong, versatile, secured, neat, flat but not stretchable.
Top stitching, common seam sewing.
304
Similar to 301 but in a zigzag pattern.
Similar to 301 but stretchable.
Attaching elastics, decoration and lace to lingerie.
Multi thread
stitches
401
One needle thread and one looper thread interloped or interlaced together.
Continuous running, strong extensible, durable, thick and can be unraveled.
Waist band, inseam of jeans, side seam or side sleeve seam of shirts and rain wear.
402
A looper thread travels between two needle threads on the
underside of the fabric and form a ridge.
For decorative effect.
Simulate permanent crease on the knitted pants and cording
backs of gloves.
404
Similar to 401 but in a zigzag pattern.
Higher elasticity then 401.
Attaching of waist band linings to men’s trouser.
406
Similar to 401 but does not ridge up.
Concealed raw edges on the underside to produce a flat and
comfortable seam.
Cover scanning, sewing belt loops, binding and attaching elastic to underwear hemming, T-shirt and sportswear.
407
Similar to 406 but with three needle threads and one looper thread.
High elasticity, stronger and better coverage effect.
Attaching elastic band to briefs, panties and under garments.
Over edge stitch
501
One needle thread interloping itself warps and protects
the edge.
Elastic, allow the seam to break open, easily unraveled.
Break open seaming.
502
Formed by one needle and one looper thread.
Stronger than 501
Bag seeming
503
Similar to 502 but the needle thread interlocks with the
looper thread on the edge of pattern.
Better edge coverage then 501 and 502, highly elastic.
Thin serging on dresses, blind hemming on T-shirts.
504
One needle thread and two looper threads interlock on the edge of plies.
Higher extensible, tighter structure, prevent fraying but bulky and easily run back.
Popular seaming and surging on knitted garments.
514
Formed by two needle and one looper threads.
Produce a wider bright than 504, stronger and more
elastic.
Strong seaming on knits and woven.
Cover stitch
602
Similar to 406 but it has a covering thread on the top surface.
Provide excellent top and bottom cover and flat seam.
Attaching knit collar on the knit garments.
605
Similar to 407 but it has a covering thread on the top
surface.
Better coverage than 602.
Cut edge binding and elastic attaching.
607
Similar to 605 but it has four needle threads and one cover and one looper thread.
Flat stretchy and smooth trims and seams simultaneously.
Flat, butted seam on briefs and panties.
Combination
401 and 504
Combined stitch types of 401 and 504.
Five threads safety over edging, serging and seaming
simultaneously.
Side seaming of shirting.

 

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