Types of Wash Applied on Knit Garments
Merchandiser at Fashion Xpress Buying House.
Badda, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Email: [email protected]
We are living in the fashionable era. Everyone wants to wear a fashionable garments. As a result the people can make the difference with others. A basic knitted T-Shirt and washed knitted T-Shirt is totally difference to look. At present, knitted washed item is a hot-cake for the young generation. As its importance on our daily fashionable days, today I will discuss about the different types of wash which are applied on knit garments.
Types of wash applied on knit garments:
There are different types of wash, applied on the knit garments are pointed in the below:
- Enzyme Wash,
- Stone Enzyme Wash or Heavy Enzyme wash,
- Rubber Ball Wash,
- Hot Wash,
- Softener Silicon Wash,
- Acid Wash,
- P.P Spray,
- Garment Dye,
- Cold Dye,
- Pigment Dye,
- Tie Dye,
- Deep Dye.
Those are discussed in the following:
1. Enzyme Wash:
The wash in which enzyme is used called enzyme wash. This enzyme may be neutral or acid depends on the requirement of shed. In this wash, enzyme is used for producing different types of abrasion for the garments. As a result, the garments are looking very nice to see. The main target of enzyme wash is to change the outlook of any knit garments.
2. Stone Enzyme Wash or Heavy enzyme wash:
In this wash, enzyme and stone are used together for producing heavy abrasion for the garments. Here, the wash technician should have taken some precaution to avoid the damage of the garments. For avoiding this case, its prefer to be used the very small stone. The main target of this wash is to produce heavy abrasion on knit garments.
3. Rubber Ball Wash:
Rubber ball wash is nothing but a garments and softener wash. In this process, garments will more soft and at a time seam abrasion will come. When any knit garments needed more hand-fell with seam abrasion that time we will use this process.
4. Hot Wash:
Normally in knit fabrics, hot wash is used to prevent the shrinkage problem after completing different treatment of that garments. Hot wash should be done before making any garments. It’s should be noted that, When a garment have any treatment such as- Garment dye, Cold dye, P.P spray etc. then it’s a mandatory process to complete fabrics hot wash before making of that garment. Otherwise, it will create problems during measurement.
5. Softener Silicon Wash:
When any knit garments needed more hand-fell and softness in the same occasion, in that case, this wash will be used. For this wash, softener and silicon both will be used together where silicon will be used for softening the cellulose and silicon for surface slipper. The softener nay be cationic or nonionic.
6. Acid Wash:
The main target of this wash is to produce uneven look on knit garments. Acid wash is done by potash and stone. At first, we have to dip the stone in potash solution then slight dry the stone and wash in a washing machine. After all we will get an uneven look on garments.
7. P.P Spray:
P.P Spray means potassium permanganate spray on the specific area of a garment. This chemical is used to reduce the color from the knit garments. At first, knit garments have to take by two person in two sides, then this chemical will be applied with the help of P.P gun by air pressure. This spray is done on the scrapping area and after neutralize by sodium meta-bi-sulphite chemical in washing machine, a white look on the spray area will be achieved.
8. Garment Dye:
Garment dye process is done all time after making the garments. Traditional garments are made from fabric that is pre dyed. Garment dye can be pigment dye or cold dye which is totally depends on the buyer’s instruction. The main advantage of this process is the cost effectiveness of much producing identical garments of particular colors. Also it has another advantage, due to garments dyeing; it becomes softer and feels more vintage which is one of the important factors to satisfy the buyer.
9. Cold Dye:
Cold dye is one kinds of garments dye. Cold dye is two types. One is “Inside cold dye” and another one is “Outside cold dye”. During cold dye process, buyer suggestion should be followed about inside/outside cold dye. If buyer doesn’t mention about it, then you have to do just outside cold dye. The main target of this process is to produce uneven shade on knit garments.
10. Pigment Dye:
Pigment dye is also one kinds of garment dye. After completing this process, knit garments will achieve the even shade. The main difference between cold dye and pigment dye is, in cold dye, knit garments will achieve uneven shade and in pigment dye, will achieve the even shade.
11. Tie Dye:
This is the dyeing process which is applied on the knit garments by using tie. At first, the knit garments have to tie with string or rubber bands then its send to the dyeing. In this process, dyes percentage should be set previously. By this dyeing process, the knit garments achieved an uneven dyeing shade. Where some area of the garments absorbed dyes and some of the area did not absorb. The main target of this process is to produce an uneven dyeing shade in all parts of knit garments.
12. Deep Dye:
This is also one kinds of uneven dyeing process. By this process, a knit garment will achieve various uneven shades in part by part. To produce such kinds of uneven shade, dyeing bath should be made firstly, and then garments have to put into the dyeing bath by a dip dyeing machine. This machine dip the garments for certain time then put out the garments from the bath. Using this process, it’s seen that, one area of the knit garments absorbed one color and another portion of that garments absorbed another color. For this type of dyeing process, reactive dyes are used due to good color fastness. The main target of this process is to achieve more than one color in same Knit garments.