Parts of Sewing Machine and Their Functions

By | January 3, 2016

Parts of Sewing Machine and Their Functions

Mayedul Islam
Merchandiser at Fashion Xpress Buying House.
Badda, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Email: [email protected]



Sewing machine plays an important role in garments manufacturing industry. There are a lot of sewing machines used in ready-made garments sector. This article has shown all the parts of a sewing machine and function of those.

Different Parts of Sewing Machine:

  1. Spool pin,
  2. Bobbin binder spindle,
  3. Bobbin winder stopper,
  4. Stitch width dial,
  5. Pattern selector dial,
  6. Hand wheel,
  7. Stitch length dial,
  8. Reverse stitch lever,
  9. Power stitch,
  10. Bobbin winder thread guide,
  11. Thread tension dial,
  12. Thread take-up lever,
  13. Needle clamp screw,
  14. Presser foot,
  15. Bobbin cover,
  16. Bobbin cover release button,
  17. Feed dog,
  18. Needle,
  19. Needle plate.

    parts of sewing machine

    Parts of the sewing machine

Functions of Sewing Machine Parts:

Functions of each sewing machine parts have discussed in the below:

1. Spool pin:
The main function of spool pin is to hold the spool of thread.

2. Bobbin binder spindle:
During winding, bobbin is placed here.

3. Bobbin winder stopper:
When bobbin reaches its optimum capacity then bobbin winder stopper stops the bobbin winding.

4. Stitch width dial:
The main object of stitch width dial is to control the zigzag stitch.

5. Pattern selector dial:
Pattern selector dial is to set the symbol of the desired stitch pattern.

6. Hand wheel:
Hand wheel is used to raise and lower the need, which is situated in the right side of the machine.

7. Stitch length dial:
Stitch length dial is used to control the length of the stitch.

8. Reverse stitch lever:
The machine will sew in the reverse while the lever is pushed.

9. Power switch:
Power switch means the off-on office of the sewing machine. Normally power switch is located at the right side of the machine.

10. Bobbin winder thread guide:
These types of thread guide are used during bobbin winding.

11. Thread tension dial:
Thread tension dial is used to control the tension on the top thread.

12. Thread take-up lever:
During sewing the top thread passes through the thread take-up lever. Thread take-up lever moves up and down with the needle.

13. Needle clamp screw:
Needle clamp screw holds the needle in its actual place.

14. Presser foot:
Presser foot holds the fabric in its definite place.

15. Bobbin cover:
During sewing bobbin cover protects and covers the bobbin holder.

16. Bobbin cover release button:
This type of button is used to release the cover for entrance to the bobbin.

17. Feed dog:
During sewing, feed dog pulls the fabric in forward.

18. Needle:
Needle is used to form a stitch in the garments.

19. Needle plate:
Needle plate is a metal plate which is situated under the needle and presser foot. It helps to move the fabric forward during sewing.

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2 thoughts on “Parts of Sewing Machine and Their Functions

  1. Osonwa Agwu Olugu

    My name is Osonwa Agwu Olugu l’am a tailor by professional how can l get the constant to work


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