**Method of Garments Costing for Woven Bottom (Factory Costing)**

**Mayedul Islam**

Merchandiser at Fashion Xpress Buying House.

Badda, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Email: [email protected]

**Introduction:**

A garments business is totally stands on order profit. An order profit can be achieved through a proper costing. A proper costing can be done by using a proper garments costing method. So, ultimately, garments costing method is the heart of **readymade garments** business. To make an accurate costing of an order, today I will discuss about the method of garments costing for **woven bottom**.

**Method of Garments Costing for Woven Bottom (Factory Costing):**

Before starting of a woven bottom costing, a **woven garments merchandiser** should confirm the following matters:

- Fabric Cost,
**Embroidery Cost**,- Printing Cost,
**Cost of Making (CM)**,**Washing**Cost,**Accessories**Cost,- Commercial Cost,
- Others Cost.

**Important tips*****

- The very next duty of a woven
**garments merchandiser**is to determine the fabric consumption and costing. - After fabric consumption and costing, all the others necessary cost should be added with fabric cost to achieve total cost of a garment.

**To clear all the confusion about the above discussion, now I will present an example for woven bottom costing in the below.**

**Example:**

Suppose,

The Buyer “Metro-Tex” forwards a “Woven Denim Bottom” item order to you with the following specification.

**Follow the below measurement chart.**

Actual Length in (inch) | Sewing Allowance | Measurement with Sewing Allowance | |

Total Length including Waist Height | 46” | 2” | 48” |

Waist Width | 37” | 2” | 39” |

HIP | 43” | 2” | 45” |

Thigh | 20” | 2” | 22” |

Bottom Width | 14” | 2” | 16” |

Back Pocket Length | 8” | 1” | 9” |

Back Pocket Width | 7” | 1” | 8” |

Belt Loop Length | 1.5” | 0.5” | 2” |

Belt Loop Width | 0.5” | 0.5” | 1” |

Pocket Bag Length | 8” | 1” | 9” |

Pocket Bag Width | 7” | 1” | 8” |

**Now, determine the garments costing (on FOB) for the above order.**

**Solution:**

Fabric width – 58”

(Here, the given fabric width is 58”, during sewing, we cannot use the edge of a fabric. So, all time we must exclude 1” from the given fabric width. So, now the fabric width is 58-1 = 57”)

Wastage – 10%

Let,

- Fabric Cost per yds- $3.70
- Printing Cost per dozen- $1.40
- Embroidery Cost per dozen- $3.80
- Accessories Cost per dozen- $1.70
- Washing Cost per pcs- $2.00 so, washing cost per dozen is – ($2.00 × 12) = $24.00

**Now, we have to calculate the fabric consumption for the above order.**

**1. Fabric consumption for the Body Parts:**

Here, we will apply the following formula (Per dozen),

Now,

Body Width,

= 1/2 Thigh with sewing allowance

= 22

Now, from equation (A), we get-

= 24.70yds per dozen………………………………………………… (B)

So, fabrics needed for the body parts is 24.70yds per dozen.

**2. Fabric consumption for the Back Pocket (2pcs):**

Here, we will apply the following formula (Per dozen),

= 1.68yds per dozen………………………………………………………………..(C)

So, fabrics needed for the back pocket is 1.68yds per dozen.

**3. Fabric consumption for the Pocket Bag (2pcs):**

Here, we will apply the following formula (Per dozen),

= 3.37yds per dozen……………………………………………… (D)

So, fabrics needed for the pocket bag is 3.37yds per dozen.

**4. Fabric consumption for the Belt Loop (5pcs):**

Here, we will apply the following formula (Per dozen),

= 0.12yds per dozen……………………………………………. (E)

So, fabrics needed for the belt loop is 0.12yds per dozen.

Now,

** By adding the equation B, C, D and E we can achieve the total fabrics consumption for the above order (per dozen)-**

= (B +C + D + E) yds per dozen

= (24.70 + 1.68 + 3.37 + 0.12) yds per dozen.

= 29.87yds per dozen.

**So, total fabric consumption for the above order is 29.87yds per dozen.**

As, fabric cost per yds is $3.70 then, total fabric cost per dozen is (29.87yds × $3.70) = $110.52

Now,

By adding all the following costs with total fabric cost, we will get the total FOB cost of garments per dozen.

Fabric cost per dozen ………………………… $110.52 ……………………. (H)

Printing Cost per dozen ………………………$1.40 ……………….………… (I)

Embroidery Cost per dozen ………………… $3.80 …………………………. (J)

Accessories Cost per dozen …………………..$1.70 …………….…………… (K)

Washing cost per dozen ……………………… $24.00………………………… (L)

Cost of making (CM)…………………………… $5.00 …………..…………….. (M)

Commercial cost ………………………….……. $0.60 ………………………….. (N)

Others cost ………………………………….……. $0.20 ………………………….. (O)

So,

**Total FOB cost per dozen **= (H + I + J + K + L+ M + N + O)

= $ (110.52 + 1.40 + 3.80 + 1.70 + 24.00 + 5.00 + 0.60 + 0.20)

= $147.22 per dozen.

In case of factory, we received the order from a buying hose (Here, we got the order from Metro-Tex Buying House), so we have to pay 7%commission to them for that order.

**So, in this situation, total FOB cost per dozen stands at- **= $147.22 per dozen + 7% commission

= $157.53 per dozen.

In factory costing, profit% for the factory (here-10%) should be added with total FOB cost per dozen.

So,

**Total FOB cost per dozen with profit% stands at- **=$157.53 + 10% profit

= $173.28

Now, total FOB cost per pcs is ($173.28 / 12) = $14.44

**So, factory cost (FOB) per pcs garment is $14.44**

* Speech from the writer:*Though, this type of article is too long but easy to understand than short-cut method. Hope it will be effective for you.

**Besides,**

If you read this article attentively then you can easily answer the following questions in the interview:

- How to calculate garments costing for woven long pant?
- How to calculate garments costing for long pant?
- How to calculate garments costing for trouser?
- How to calculate garments costing for Bermuda pant?
- Method of garments costing for woven long pant.
- Method of garments costing for long pant.
- Method of garments costing for trouser.
- Method of garments costing for Bermuda pant.

Dear,

If you need any kind of Accessories

Ph-01928902642

Have any job about merchandising or fabric sale or other job…?? I need a job…

Dear sir

I have known that initial idea from your article but how can I get an order sheet on real order so that I can able to make costing n consumption.

Thanks

Regarding yours

nice big help to people to go ahead..

I have woven factory in erode, we are making of boxer shorts and shirt and all kind of fabric ext……..

Ii you have orders pls cont kalyan 90923 67888

Hi MR Mayedul

Pls advise Why has the process of x No. 36

Also

If you have an article explains

How to Calculate Costing for T.shirt by mini marker

Thanks

Mohamed Sayed

Dear sir how to calculate machine area and how many operation in formal pant and formal shirt if we install 100,machines what is the requirement of area means place (in square feet)