Fusing Technology in Garment Industry
Fusing Process in Garments:
Fusing process is one kinds of alternative method of fabric joining which is vastly used to attach the interlining. At present, apparel manufacturing cannot be imagined without fusing process. As its importance, this article has presented a details discussion on fusing process with its classification and defects.
Types of Fusing in Garments:
There are three types of fusing process used in garments which are mentioned in the below:
- Reverse fusing,
- Sandwich fusing,
- Double fusing.
All the above processes have explained in the following:
1. Reverse fusing:
In this process, the fabric of interlining is spread on the fusing bed and the part consists of resin is directed upward. Then the fabric of garments is spread on the resonated part of fabric and fusing is done there. This is called reverse fusing. In this process, the area of interlining is comparatively small than the fabric of apparel, as a result proper spreading is difficult here.
2. Sandwich fusing:
Generally, fusing is done by continuous fusing machine where the heat is applied from both sides of fabric. In this process, two pairs of fabrics are fused i.e. the two interlinings are placed between or in the middle of two fabrics of apparel. If the heat and pressure are not applied properly then four layers may be joined due to the effect of striking back during fusing. By using this process, the production can be increased but needs more time. It may have unsatisfactory in fused garments.
3. Double fusing:
In this process, two types of interlining are joined with the garment fabrics in a step during fusing. There is needed to control the temperature during fusing and it must be able to set the interlinings parts and garment parts properly. This type of fusing is generally done in collar and the front part of jacket.
Defects of Fusing Process:
There are mainly two types of faults found during fusing. Those are explained in the below:
1. Striking back:
When two parts of fabrics are joined by pressure and heat during fusing, it must have the control to the temperature and pressure. Sometimes the pressure and heat are not controlled properly during fusing so that the resin is passed through the lower part of fabric. It is called striking back.
2. Striking through:
When two parts of fabrics are joined by pressure and heat during fusing, it must have the control to the temperature and pressure. Sometimes the pressure and heat are not controlled properly during fusing so that the resin is passed through the upper part of fabric. It is called striking through.
S M Hossen Uzzal
Planning Executive at Modele De Capital Ind. Ltd.
Narayanganj, Dhaka, Bangladesh.