Factors Affecting Fabric Consumption

By | August 12, 2015

Factors Affecting Fabric Consumption

Mayedul Islam
Merchandiser at Fashion Xpress Buying House.
Badda, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Email: [email protected]



Actual fabric consumption is an important issue to earn maximum profit from an order. But, there’s some key factors which directly affect on fabric consumptions and inspires to increase garments cost. As its importance on garments manufacturing business, today I will discuss those important factors in this article.

You may follow Fabric Consumption Calculation Formula for Different Apparel

Fabric consumption of t-shirt

Fabric consumption of t-shirt

Factors affecting Fabric Consumption:

Important key factors are mentioned in the below:

  1. Marker,
  2. Fabric shrinkage,
  3. Fabric Width,
  4. Repeat size in the fabric,
  5. Center selvedge variation,
  6. Grain,
  7. Symmetry.

All the above key factors are discussed in the following:

1. Marker:

Marker has a great importance on fabric consumption. When a marker can contains more garments then fabric utilization will be easy. Less garments containing marker can’t utilize the fabric properly. As result, fabric consumption needed more there. It should be noted here that, eight way marker will consume less fabric than four way marker.

2. Fabric shrinkage:

Fabric consumption is directly proportional to fabric shrinkage. If fabric shrinkage is more, then fabric consumption will be needed more and if shrinkage is less then fabric consumption will be needed less.

3. Fabric Width:

Fabric width is another key factor, which has a great importance during calculating fabric consumption. If fabric width is more, then wastage will be less and ultimately less amount of fabric needed in terms of length for making that garments. On the other hand, if fabric width is less, then fabrics will be needed more. It is also approved in terms of area of fabric required.

4. Repeat size in the fabric:

In case of solid color fabrics, fabric consumption has needed lower than stripes and checks fabric. If the repeat size is large, then fabric consumption will be needed more and vice-versa.

5. Center selvedge variation:

In case of no center selvedge variation in the fabric, marker will consume less fabric. And in case of centre selvedge variation fabric, marker will consume more fabric.

6. Grain:

Grain is another important key point for calculating fabric consumption. In case of straight grain, less fabric consumption needed and in case of cross grain and Bias grain, more fabrics consumption needed.

7. Symmetry:

For same style of garments, symmetrical fabric has needed lower fabrics consumption than asymmetrical fabric.

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8 thoughts on “Factors Affecting Fabric Consumption

  1. Puja

    Informative article, indeed. But I am little disagree with point number 3. Fabric width matters a lot but it directly connects with spec chart. For example: cut able width is, 36″ and 1/2 bottom circumference is 34″ then should go with 38″ width of fabric. In this example 42″ width fabric is not suitable if there is no any small parts in design. Similarly can not go for smaller one.

  2. Shahrikh khan

    dear… i like your every post. really it’s important for me. thank you so much.

  3. Amjad

    Please up date me how many cm generally add tolerance for body fitting garments.


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