**Easy Method of CBM Calculation Under LCL Sea Shipment**

**Mayedul Islam**

Merchandiser at Fashion Xpress Buying House.

Badda, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Email: [email protected]

**Introduction:**

A freight forwarder charges the freight cost on the basis of CBM. CBM means cubic meter. In garments sector, it’s a known term for all the **merchandisers**. Accurate CBM calculation has a great importance on reducing shipping cost. Because, if the cargo is full container loaded (FCL), then you have to pay the freight charge in full container load (FCL) basis, but if the cargo is less container loaded then you have to pay the freight charge in Less container load (LCL) basis. As its importance in merchandising, today I will discuss about the all parts of CBM (Cubic Meter) calculation.

**CBM Calculation Under LCL Sea Shipment:**

Before starting the CBM calculation, at first you have to find out the length, width and height of a carton, here you should also find out the total quantity of carton for an order.

If the length, width and height measurements are in “inch” unit, then you have to convert these into “centimeter (cm)” unit by multiplying 2.54 (as we know, 1 inch=2.54cm).

After converting from “inch” unit to “centimeter (cm)” unit, now you have to convert these into “meter (m)” unit by dividing 100 (as we know, 1m=100cm).

Now, yours all length, width and height are in “meter (m)” unit.

In this situation, you must follow the following formula,

**CBM calculation for 1 carton** = Length (m) × width (m) × height (m)…………… (1)

**CBM calculation for total carton of an order** = CBM calculation for 1 carton × total number of carton quantity ……………… (2)

Now I will clear all the above explanation by providing an example with solution.

**You may follow** **How to Calculate Shipping and Forwarding Cost of Apparel Export Order?**

**Example of CBM Calculation:**

**Suppose,**

Total cartoon quantity of an order is 5000 (Every carton is in sane measurement).

- Length for each carton is 22”,
- Width for each carton is 15”,
- Height for each carton is 6”.

Now, calculate the CBM for shipping an order.

**Solution:**

**Carton length** = 22” = (22 × 2.54) cm = 55.88cm = (55.88/100) m = 0.5588m.

**Carton width** = 15” = (15 × 2.54) cm = 38.1cm = (38.1/100) m = 0.381m.

**Carton height** = 6” = (6 × 2.54) cm = 15.24 cm = (15.24/100) m =0.1524m.

Now by applying formula number (1), we have-

**CBM calculation for 1 carton** = Length (m) × width (m) × height (m)

= (0.5588 × 0.381 × 0.1524) m^{3
}= 0.03244639 m^{3}

Now finally applying formula number (2), we have-

**CBM calculation for total cartoon** = CBM calculation for 1 carton × total number of carton quantity

= (0.03244639 × 5000) m^{3
}=162.23195 m^{3}

So, CBM calculation for 5000 carton is 162.23195 m.

Can you please tell me that how we reduce the Alteration in garment production.

keep in touch……….

U will get it very soon……..

To me this method is critical. You can try this as follows. Say carton measurement is L-40xW-25xH-15. See below pls.

.40x.25x.14xcarton qty= RESULT.

Thanks for your nice tips……….

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Thanks for your nice comment.

Is it compulsory to convert carton measurement from inch to cm ? I think without converting it is possible to calculate CBM in inch.