Classification of Garments Washing
Merchandiser at Fashion Xpress Buying House.
Badda, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
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Garments washing are done in denim fabrics to produce color fading effect with or without patchiness, seam puckering, hairiness, crinkles, de-pilling, stabilized dimensions and soft hand feel.
For the first time, the concept of garments washing technology was developed by Jack Spencer for the brand Lee. Stone wash was first developed by Francois Giraud and sand blasting process was developed in 1988 by a number of branded companies in Italy.
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Classification of Garments Washing:
Primary garments washing are classified into two types, these are-
- Dry process or Mechanical process,
- Wet process or chemical process.
Above two types of garments washing are discussed in the below:
1. Dry process or Mechanical process:
In garments washing, there are some processes which have done without using any chemical or without using any garments loading washing machine are called Dry process or Mechanical process. Sometimes dry process can be done by using mechanical method.
Various types of dry processes applied in garments washing are mentioned in the below:
- Sand blasting,
- Hand sanding or Hand brushing,
- Machine sanding,
- Overall wrinkles,
- Permanent wrinkle,
- P.P spray,
- Hand scrapping.
2. Wet process or Chemical process:
There are some processes in garment washing, which can be done by using chemical and garments loading washing machine are called Wet process or chemical process.
Different types of wet processes applied in garment washing are mentioned in the following:
- Normal wash or rinse wash,
- Silicon wash,
- Pigment wash,
- Caustic wash,
- Bleach wash,
- Enzyme wash,
- Stone enzyme wash,
- Acid wash,
- Stone wash,
- Tie wash,
- Super white wash,
- Deep dyeing,
- Over dyeing.